Nanjing is one of the historical and cultural capital cities in ancient times. Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province and the provincial political, economic and cultural center, is located in the lower reaches of Yangtze River, southwest of the province. The discovery of the Nanjing Ape revealed the trace of human influence some 350,000 years ago. The area war inhabited and cultivated about 6000 years ago. Nanjing bears the reputation of the Capital of Ten Dynasties, being since the year 229 AD the capital of Wu, Eastern Jin, Song, Qi, Liang, Chen, Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Kingdom, and Republic of China subsequently.
Nanjing is served by the bullet train system between Nanjing and Shanghai. Because of the convenience, speed and cheaper ticket prices, the bullet train may be the best way to approach Nanjing. Otherwise, there are regular trains, long-distance buses and flights.
Shanghai is the only city in China that has two international airports - Pudong International Airport and Hongqiao International Airport. The two modern airports are equipped with very advanced facilities. The two airports are widely linked with many domestic and international cities such as Beijing, Hong Kong, New York, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Tokyo and Singapore.
The high-speed rail line between Nanjing and Shanghai stops at Suzhou, Wuxi, and Changzhou. It is one of the busiest high-speed rail sections in China. It takes about one hour to travel from Shanghai to Nanjing. The station is set up like a subway station. You can buy your tickets at the station and wait in the waiting room for your train. The gate to the train opens about 10 or 15 minutes before the train leaves. Follow the crowd to the train and show your ticket to an attendant to make sure you are getting on the right train. Then find your seat. The seat number is printed on the ticket. Attendants come by offering drinks or snacks. If you miss your train, you can exchange your ticket for another ticket. There may be a charge for the change of tickets. During the busy time of the day, there are trains leaving every few minutes, but in the late evening, there are only 1 or 2 trains per hour. The first train leaves about 6 am and the last train leaves about 9 pm. From Shanghai, you can get on other high-speed rail lines that go to other cities. Ticket prices are quite low for a trip between Shanghai and Nanjing. There are two classes of tickets. The price of second class ticket from Shanghai to Nanjing is around 150RMB (25USD), the first class ticket is around 250RMB (40USD).
The city also boasts an efficient network of public transportation, which mainly consists of bus, taxi and metro systems. The bus network, which is currently run by five companies (Nanjing Gongjiao, Zhongbei, Argos, Xincheng and Xinningpu), provides more than 370 routes covering all parts of the city and suburban areas.
The Nanjing Metro is the metro system serving the city of Nanjing (Nanking), China. It opened in 2005, and currently there are 4 urban metro lines traveling on 143.4 kilometers (89.1 mi) of route; additionally, there are 2 suburban metro lines in operation, resulting in a metro system with a grand total of 224.4 kilometers (139.4 mi) of route. The total length of the system ranks fourth in China, after Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou.
Taxis are RMB around 11 (2USD)AT flag-fall.